Located on the Giza Plateau just outside Cairo, the pyramids are Egypt's best known monuments and the only remaining Wonder of the Ancient World.
The final resting place of the Pharaohs of the New Kingdom, the Valley of the Kings is home to more than 60 magnificent royal tombs.
The Valley of the Queens, or
The Great Sphinx of Giza is an enormous stone sculpture with the head of a man on the body of a lion. It is one of Egypt's most emblematic monuments.
Originally built on the site of an old mausoleum, local and foreign merchants have been trading at Khan el-Khalili souk since the 14th century.
Opened in 1902, the Egyptian Museum is home to the world's largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities and is the most important museum of its kind.
Other places of interest
The tallest building in North Africa since construction ended in 1961, the iconic Cairo Tower offers incredible views over the Egyptian capital.
The Al Rifa'i Mosque is an impressive Muslim temple also known as the Royal Mosque for being the burial place of a number of Egyptian royal family members.
Known as the Alabaster Mosque for the material that covers it, the Mosque of Muhammed Ali is located on the summit of the Saladin Citadel in Cairo.
Completed in the year 879 CE, the enormous Mosque of Ibn Tulun is the oldest mosque in Cairo that is still in its original form.
Located south of Cairo, Saqqara was the vast necropolis of the Ancient Egyptian capital, Memphis, and is home to the nation's oldest pyramid.
The Unfinished Obelisk is a granite would-be monument that was never finished. It is one of the most important archaeological finds in Egypt.
Founded around 3100 BCE, Memphis was the first capital of the unified kingdom of Upper and Lower Egypts. It was abandoned in the 7th century CE.
The Colossi of Memnon are two enormous statues of 18th Dynasty Pharaoh Amenhotep III originally designed to guard his mortuary temple.
Constructed during the mid-14th century, the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan is one of the largest mosques in the world.
The hilltop Saladin Citadel, a Medieval Islamic fortress, is one of Cairo's main tourist attractions and offers magnificent views over the city.
Built between 1960 and 1970, the High Dam was an incredible feat of engineering and its construction significantly affected Egypt's economy and culture.