Monuments and Attractions in Egypt

In addition to the spectacular temples that line the banks of the Nile, Egypt is home to numerous other incredible ancient monuments.

Must-see sites

Pyramids of Giza

Located on the Giza Plateau just outside Cairo, the pyramids are Egypt's best known monuments and the only remaining Wonder of the Ancient World.

Valley of the Kings

The final resting place of the Pharaohs of the New Kingdom, the Valley of the Kings is home to more than 60 magnificent royal tombs.

Great Sphinx of Giza

The Great Sphinx of Giza is an enormous stone sculpture with the head of a man on the body of a lion. It is one of Egypt's most emblematic monuments.

Khan el-Khalili

Originally built on the site of an old mausoleum, local and foreign merchants have been trading at Khan el-Khalili souk since the 14th century.

Egyptian Museum of Antiquities

Opened in 1902, the Egyptian Museum is home to the world's largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities and is the most important museum of its kind.

Other places of interest

Cairo Tower

The tallest building in North Africa since construction ended in 1961, the iconic Cairo Tower offers incredible views over the Egyptian capital.

Al Rifa'i Mosque

The Al Rifa'i Mosque is an impressive Muslim temple also known as the Royal Mosque for being the burial place of a number of Egyptian royal family members.

Mosque of Muhammed Ali

Known as the Alabaster Mosque for the material that covers it, the Mosque of Muhammed Ali is located on the summit of the Saladin Citadel in Cairo.

Mosque of Ibn Tulun

Completed in the year 879 CE, the enormous Mosque of Ibn Tulun is the oldest mosque in Cairo that is still in its original form.

Saqqara

Located south of Cairo, Saqqara was the vast necropolis of the Ancient Egyptian capital, Memphis, and is home to the nation's oldest pyramid.

Unfinished Obelisk in Aswan

The Unfinished Obelisk is a granite would-be monument that was never finished. It is one of the most important archaeological finds in Egypt.

Memphis

Founded around 3100 BCE, Memphis was the first capital of the unified kingdom of Upper and Lower Egypts. It was abandoned in the 7th century CE.

Colossi of Memnon

The Colossi of Memnon are two enormous statues of 18th Dynasty Pharaoh Amenhotep III originally designed to guard his mortuary temple.

Saladin Citadel

The hilltop Saladin Citadel, a Medieval Islamic fortress, is one of Cairo's main tourist attractions and offers magnificent views over the city.

Aswan Dam

Built between 1960 and 1970, the High Dam was an incredible feat of engineering and its construction significantly affected Egypt's economy and culture.