Pyramids of Giza

Located on the Giza Plateau just outside Cairo, the pyramids are Egypt's best known monuments and the only remaining of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

For many, they are the ultimate symbol of Egypt. The last remaining wonder of the ancient world - and the oldest of them - their perfect shape and immense size has left even the most knowledgeable of Egyptologists wondering how and why they were built.

Following hundreds of years of research, we do know that the enormous pyramids were built as tombs for the Pharaohs, constructed by tens of thousands of workers over 4000 years ago. They stand as a testament to the incredible achievements of the ancient civilisation

The Pyramids

The archaeological site at Giza is scattered with numerous tombs, temples and small pyramids, but the main attractions are the three largest pyramids: Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure, and the Great Sphinx, believed to be built during the Old Kingdom, making it the oldest known monumental sculpture in Egypt.

The Great Pyramid

The largest and oldest of the three main pyramids, this massive structure is believed to be a tomb for Fourth Dynasty Pharaoh Khufu, which gives it its other name. At 481 feet (146.7 metres) in height, it was the tallest man-made building in the world for over three thousand years. After millennia of erosion thanks to desert sandstorms, it now stands at 455 feet (138.8 metres).

The Pyramid of Khafre

The second largest of the Giza pyramids, this one is the tomb of the 4th Dynasty Pharaoh Khafre, also known as Chephren, who was the son of Khufu. It actually looks larger than that of Khufu, as it's located on slightly higher ground, and it is also the only one of the three to retain some of its original casing, a polished white limestone which would originally have covered all of the pyramids and made them gleam in the sun. 

The Pyramid of Menkaure

The smallest of the three, this pyramid was built for the Pharaoh Menkaure around the 26th century BCE. If it looks like it was possibly unfinished, that's because Menkaure died before its construction was completed.

Be aware! 

Entering the pyramids to see the tombs inside - the reason for which they were built - involves climbing through extremely narrow and steep tunnels. It is a truly unforgettable experience, but absolutely not recommended for the elderly, unfit, or anyone suffering from claustrophobia!

Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

If you don't want to worry about finding transport from Cairo to the archaeological site at Giza, the easiest option is to book a guided English-language tour in advance that combines the visit with other monuments in the area:

To experience the sight of the ancient pyramids from a different perspective, book to see them at night. Enjoy a delicious meal and watch the magical light and sound show, hearing all about the history of the tombs as you see them illuminated:

Schedule

Daily from 8 am to 4 pm.

Price

Admission to Giza Plateau:
Adult: LE 160.
Student (with valid ID): LE 80.

Great Pyamid:
Adult: LE 360.
Student (with valid ID): LE 180.

Khafre Pyramid:
Adult: LE 100.
Student (with valid ID): LE 50.

Menkaure Pyramid:
Adult: LE 100.
Student (with valid ID): LE 50.

Pyramids of Giza, Memphis and Saqqara € 60

Transport

  • Taxis from Cairo shouldn't cost more than LE 50.
  • Flag down a bus from various stops in Cairo city centre (including outside the Egyptian Museum) for a couple of pounds (not recommended for female solo travellers).
  • Metro line 2 goes to Giza, from there you'll have to take a taxi to the pyramid complex.
  • Guided tours include transport.

Nearby places

Cairo (12.8 km)